How does the Scrum Team work and their KRA?

A working structure of a Scrum team is like a group of people working together to deliver the requested and committed product increments, and it consists of three roles:

  • Product Owner
  • Scrum Master
  • Developmental Team

Universal agile is one of the platforms where you will get all the information related to scrum and agile certification. Let’s look at the job roles which you will have to do after getting certified:

Cross-functional and Self-Organizing

Self-organizing and cross-functional Scrum Teams:

Instead of following orders from outside the team, self-organizing teams decide how to carry out their tasks most effectively.

Cross-functional teams are equipped with all the skills required to complete the work without the need for outside help. The flexibility, creativity, and productivity are maximized by the Scrum team model.

How Can a Scrum Team Collaborate Effectively?

Work structure of Scrum team produce products iteratively and incrementally to maximize feedback opportunities. A working version of the “Done” product is always available, thanks to incremental deliveries of the finished product.

Scrum is defined by a set of guidelines (or five scrum values) that can be thought of as straightforward rules for collaborating more successfully as a team.

Scrum’s Core Ideas

A series of sprints or development iterations make up Scrum. The same procedure is used for each scrum sprint: role (people), events (meetings), and artifacts (tangible by-products).

Development cycles known as sprints are repeated until your project is finished.

Within each sprint, requirements are created, tested, integrated, and approved (often in the form of user stories). And the procedure keeps going, one sprint after another.

Roles in Scrum

Three fundamental roles are there in the work structure of the Scrum team—the Development Team, the Scrum Master, and the Product Owner—define the Scrum framework.

Product Owner

Maximizing the worth of the finished product and the development team’s work is the product owner’s responsibility. Organizations, scrum team size, and individuals may all approach this in very different ways.

Product Owner’s Function

The sole person in charge of overseeing the Product Backlog is the Product Owner. Management of the product backlog includes:

  • Expressing Product Backlog items in clear terms;
  • Ordering the product backlog items to best accomplish objectives and missions;
  • Increasing the effectiveness of the work the development team completes;
  • Ensuring that everyone can see, understand, and access the Product Backlog, which details the tasks the Scrum Team will tackle next; and
  • Ensuring that the Development Team has the necessary understanding of the Product Backlog items.

“Scrum Master”

The Scrum Master is in charge of making sure Scrum is understood and applied. Scrum Masters accomplish this by making sure the Scrum Team follows the Scrum philosophy, practices, and guidelines. A scrum master certification will give you an edge to perform the job role.

The Scrum Team is led by the Scrum Master as a servant-leader. Outsiders to the Scrum Team can learn which of their interactions with the Scrum Team are beneficial and which are not with the help of the Scrum Master. The Scrum Master works with everyone to modify these interactions to increase the value produced by the Scrum Team.

The Scrum Master’s role

The Product Owner is assisted by the Scrum Master in several ways, including:

  • Identifying methods for managing the product backlog effectively;
  • Assisting the Scrum Team in realizing the importance of concise and clear Product Backlog items;
  • Gaining insight into product planning in an empirical setting;
  • Making certain the product owner is aware of how to organize the product backlog to maximize value;
  • Knowing and exercising agility; and,
  • Scrum event facilitation as required or requested.

The Developmental Team

After each Sprint, the Development Team—a group of experts—delivers an Increment of “Done” product that may be released. The Increment is only produced by members of the development team.

The organization provides structure and authority to Development Teams so they can plan and handle their work. The synergy that results maximizes the Development Team’s overall effectiveness and efficiency.

Development Team’s Function

The traits of development teams are as follows:

  • They can organize themselves. Nobody, not even the Scrum Master, instructs the development team on how to break down the Product Backlog into Increments of potentially release-ready functionality;
  • Cross-functional development teams with all necessary team skills to produce an incremental product;
  • There are no exceptions to the rule that Scrum does not recognize any titles other than “Developer” for members of the development team.

Events in Scrum

Five events define the Scrum framework. The Sprint, Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, and Sprint Retrospective are these.

The fundamental developmental unit in Scrum is the sprint, also known as iteration. The sprint is a time-boxed effort, meaning that it has a limit on how long it can last. Each sprint has a predetermined length, which is typically between one week and one month, with two weeks being the most typical.

In the Scrum framework, the scrum team members select the product backlog items they will work on during that sprint and discuss their preliminary plan for completing those product backlog items. This is known as sprint planning.

Daily stand-ups are quick organizational meetings that take place every day. They are also known as daily Scrum meetings. The meeting, which usually lasts five to fifteen minutes, is also known as a stand-up, a morning roll call, or a daily scrum.

After a Sprint is over, there is a Sprint Review. The Product Owner details what planned work was finished or not during the Sprint review. The team then presents the finished product and discusses what went well and how issues were resolved.

After each sprint, the Sprint Retrospective is held. It gives the team a chance to evaluate itself and formulate a strategy for changes to be implemented during the following Sprint.

Artifacts from Scrum

Artifacts are merely tangible records that contain project information. The Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Product Increments are examples of Scrum Artifacts.

A prioritized list of features, flaws, or unfinished technical work can be found in the product backlog. Work that is valued from the point of view of the product owner should be used.

As the needs for the product change and develop, the Product Owner and the rest of the team collaborate to review the Product Backlog and make adjustments as needed.

All of the Product Backlog items that will be worked on during a Sprint are listed in the Sprint Backlog. Prioritizing items from the Product Backlog until the team believes they have reached their capacity for the Sprint, this list is created.

Important duties of a Scrum master

The Scrum master is not in charge of the project or the development team, despite the word “master” appearing in the title. Rather, a Scrum master collaborates with the product owner and the Scrum team to streamline and enhance procedures when appropriate.

The following duties are possible for a Scrum master:

Educating team members

The Scrum master makes sure that team members have received the necessary instruction in and understanding of Agile methodologies. The Scrum master also makes sure that team members are aware of their responsibilities, feel a sense of project ownership, follow procedures, and manage their teams.

Assistance with the product backlog for the product owner

The product backlog must be established and maintained current by the product owner. The product backlog contains the team’s to-do list. Using the data gathered from the daily stand-up meetings, the Scrum master aids the product owner in maintaining and improving the product backlog.

Taking out obstacles

The Scrum master searches for distractions and potential barriers to progress to assist the team in staying concentrated on the tasks that need to be completed during each iteration.

Teach the principles and practices of Scrum

Serving as a mentor and teacher for new team members and employees is an essential component of a Scrum master’s role in order to ensure a smooth onboarding process and avoid work from slowing down.


Obtaining Scrum master certification in one of these fields may help advance your career and result in significant pay increases. The possibilities are numerous.

The Scrum master’s job is to maintain the project’s smooth progress within the bounds of the Scrum methodology.

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